World’s Deepest, Underground, Cave-Dwelling Centipede Identified in Croatia

An international team of scientists has discovered the deepest underground-dwelling centipede. The animal was found by members of the Croatian Biospeleological Society in three caves in Velebit Mountains, Croatia. Recorded as deep as 1,100 meters below ground the new species was named Geophilus hadesi, after Hades, the God of the Underworld in the Greek mythology. The research was published online on June 30, 2015 in the open-access journal ZooKeys. The article is titled “At the End of the Rope: Geophilus hadesi sp. n. - the World's Deepest Cave-Dwelling Centipede (Chilopoda, Geophilomorpha, Geophilidae). Lurking in the dark vaults of some of the world's deepest caves, the Hades centipede has also had its name picked to pair with another underground-dwelling relative named after Persephone, the queen of the Greek underworld. Centipedes are carnivores that feed on other invertebrate animals. They are common cave inhabitants, but members of this particular order, called geophilomorphs, usually find shelter there only occasionally. Species with an entire life cycle confined to cave environments are exceptionally rare in the group. In fact, so far the Hades and Persephone centipedes are the only two geophilomorphs that have adapted to live exclusively in caves, thus rightfully bearing the titles of a queen and king of the underworld. Like most cave-dwellers, the newly discovered centipede shows unusual traits, some of which commonly found in cave-dwelling arthropods, including much elongated antennae, trunk segments, and leg claws. Equipped with powerful jaws bearing poison glands and long curved claws allowing to grasp and tightly hold its prey, the Hades centipede is among the top predators crawling in the darkness of the cave.
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