A study published online on March 20, 2011, in Nature Genetics demonstrates that tiny locked nucleic acid (LNA)-based compounds developed by Santaris Pharma A/S can inhibit entire disease-associated microRNA families. This provides a potential new approach for treating a variety of diseases including cancer, viral infections, cardiovascular and muscle diseases. Santaris Pharma A/S, a clinical-stage biopharmaceutical company focused on the research and development of mRNA and microRNA targeted therapies, developed the tiny LNA-based compounds, which are 8-mer LNA oligonucleotides, using its proprietary LNA Drug Platform. The high affinity and target specificity of tiny LNA-based compounds enabled functional inhibition of both single microRNAs and entire microRNA families in a range of tissues in vivo without off-target effects. MicroRNAs have emerged as an important class of small regulatory RNAs encoded in the genome. They act to control the expression of sets of genes and entire pathways and are thus thought of as master regulators of gene expression associated with many diseases. Because they dictate the expression of fundamental regulatory pathways, microRNAs represent potential drug targets in the treatment of many disease processes. "Using tiny LNA-based compounds to successfully inhibit entire disease-associated microRNA families provides a new range of opportunities to develop novel microRNA-targeted drugs for both in-house drug discovery programs, as well as with our partners," said Dr. Henrik Ørum, Vice President and Chief Scientific Officer of Santaris Pharma A/S.
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