“Exosomal Non-Coding RNA: A New Frontier in Diagnosing and Treating Pancreatic Cancer: A Review”

This review article was published February 26, 2024 in the International Journal of Biological Macromolecules by scientists in China. The abstract is reproduced here: “Pancreatic cancer (PC) is the most fatal malignancy worldwide. Once diagnosed, most patients are already at an advanced stage because of their highly heterogeneous, drug-resistant, and metastatic nature and the lack of effective diagnostic markers. Recently, the study of proliferation, metastasis, and drug resistance mechanisms in pancreatic cancer and the search for useful diagnostic markers have posed significant challenges to the scientific community. Exosomes carry various biomolecules (DNA, non-coding RNAs (ncRNAs), proteins, and lipids) that mediate communication between tumors and other cells. ncRNAs can be transported through exosomes to numerous relevant receptor cells and regulate local epithelial-mesenchymal transition (EMT) in tumor tissue, proliferation, drug resistance, and the establishment of pre-metastatic ecological niches in distant organs. In summary, exosomal ncRNAs promote tumor cell proliferation, invasion, and metastasis through multiple EMT, immunosuppression, angiogenesis, and extracellular matrix remodeling pathways. Moreover, we discuss the significant therapeutic significance of exosomal ncRNAs as PC biomarkers.”
[International Journal of Biological Macromolecules abstract]
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